My students have been asking me for the past few days about terms they have heard during broadcasts regarding the death of Queen Elizabeth II.
- Queen regnant – a queen who reigns in her own right. Equivalent in rank to a king.
- Queen regent – a guardian of a child monarch who reigns in their stead (either jointly – de jure, or alone – de facto) until the child comes of age
- Queen consort – wife of a reigning king. Equal to the king in rank but not in power. The male equivalent is usually Prince consort, although there have been some King consorts
- Queen dowager /Dowager Queen – the widow of a King
- Queen mother – a former Queen who is the mother of the reigning monarch
Sweden is, at the moment, ruled by a King and his wife is the Queen. The Crown Princess is a woman and when she becomes queen, her husband (formerly a commoner, now a prince) will become Prince consort. Their daughter, the second in line to the throne, is free to marry a partner of any gender. It will be interesting to see how the titles will work then. Queen and Queen consort, maybe?
Thank you Jo! You always catch my typos!
Thank you for this wonderful insight to peerage.