- England is one of three countries in Great Britain. The other two are Scotland and Wales. So a person from Wales would be Welsh and not English.
- The United Kingdom is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- The British Isles include the islands of Great Britain and Ireland and over six thousand smaller isles. There are two sovereign states located on the islands: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom) and Ireland (also described as the Republic of Ireland). The British Isles also include three dependencies of the British Crown: the Isle of Man and, by tradition, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Bailiwick of Guernsey in the Channel Islands.
- There are 13 languages in the UK – the Celtic languages of Wales, Ireland and Scotland, Manx, Cornish, and the Romantic languages of the Channel Islands. However, English is spoken by 95% of the population of the UK.
- The British Commonwealth consists of 54 member states. All but two of these are former colonies (more in my next post).
English people come from England. Irish people are English-speaking NOT English. The New York Times is an English-language newspaper. The population of English speaking countries that were at war with England do not like being called English (for example Republic of Ireland and South African). Scottish people usually do not like being called English. It is a common error to say England rather than Britain or the UK and most people understand it. But in Dublin for example, avoid calling people English.